The Medieval Use of Christ Disputing the Doctors

This isn’t an analytical post, but rather a question sparked by a tweet from Ballandalus, here. The subject, Paolo Veronese’s Christ Among the Doctors in the Temple (c.1550), is at the Museo Nacional del Prado. My question for all my medieval friends out there is this: how was this Gospel incident interpreted and applied in the Middle Ages? More specifically, what lessons did medieval scholars and theologians draw from it–was it given an anti-Semitic bent, a subversive, challenge-authority bent, or perhaps simply used as a sign to demonstrate the veracity of Christianity?

The picture just got me wondering, and I realized that I don’t really know the answer to the question. Any help would be appreciated!